There are numerous mental illnesses that the medical field recognizes today, ranging from anxiety issues to depression and beyond. Two of the most serious problems are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. They’re also two of the most confusing issues, largely due to the fact that they share a number of similar symptoms. Because of this, it’s often difficult for even professional psychiatrists to make an accurate diagnosis between the two.
However, there are a few things that can help. First, it’s worth understanding the differences and similarities. For starters, schizophrenia is classified as a psychotic disorder that leads to delusions, hallucinations, and more. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder, though it may manifest in ways that often seem similar to schizophrenia.
The source of most confusion comes from the overlapping symptoms. For example, things like mania, depression, suicidal thoughts, social issues, and more are all common in both types of mental illness. The biggest difference lies in hallucinations. While those with bipolar disorder can experience hallucinations, they’re far more common among schizophrenics. And even when they do occur in those with a bipolar disorder, the patient will usually be far more alert and expressive when explaining those hallucinations.
Many who begin to experience mental illness likely won’t even realize that they are suffering from the symptoms of one of these diseases – at the very least, they won’t be able to identify the specific issue they’re dealing with. Today, most psychiatrists will rely on counseling and on scans of brain activity in order to understand the exact problem. Since schizophrenic patients will show a loss of gray matter in their brain and those with bipolar disorder won’t show that loss, this is the primary method of distinguishing between the two when no other methods are working.
No matter the problem, there are solutions. Modern medicine has led to numerous treatments that can help patients overcome bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. But the first step is simply figuring out which of the two one is suffering from. To find out more, contact us today.
- People With Psychotic Disorders Have Unique Reductions In Brain Size (medicaldaily.com)
- Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders, DSM-5 (inpsyghts.wordpress.com)
- Did You Know 1 in 4 People In The UK are affected By Mental illness (femaleimagination.wordpress.com)
- Bipolar Cuddle Time (notthissong.com)
- Tell tale neurologic soft signs for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (medwirenews.com)
- Common biology shared in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (thealmagest.com)
- Bipolar disorder, depression & History (slideshare.net)
- Brief update about the DSM5 changes (teachinghighschoolpsychology.blogspot.com)